Physiol. Res. 52: 455-460, 2003

Cerebrolysin Inhibits Lipid Peroxidation Induced by Insulin Hypoglycemia in the Brain and Heart of Mice


Department of Pharmacology and 1Division of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Cell, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Received  June 6, 2002
Accepted August 13, 2002

As a consequence of enhanced production of oxygen free radicals, lipid peroxidation leads to the degradation of membrane lipids and disturbances of membrane permeability. Lipid peroxidation increases under stress conditions such as hypoxia, ischemia or acidosis as well as in metabolic diseases, e.g. diabetes mellitus. We have shown that subcomatous doses of insulin (6.0 IU/kg) significantly increase thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs), especially malondialdehyde (MDA) – the endproduct of lipid peroxidation, in the brain and heart of mice. In our model of insulin-induced hypoglycemia, mice were treated with the neuroprotective, peptide-containing drug Cerebrolysin (100 mg/kg b.w.). Animals were sacrificed by decapitation two or three hours after the injection of tested substance and samples were taken to determine several serum parameters (glucose, total protein, triglycerides and lactic acid) and TBARs in the brain and heart. Although Cerebrolysin was not able to affect serum parameters after subcomatous insulin injection, the drug significantly influenced lipid peroxidation. A single injection of Cerebrolysin already decreased TBARs levels in the brain and heart tissue. Presuming that an increase of TBARs reflects disturbances of the cell membrane, we have documented a promising effect of Cerebrolysin on cell integrity.

Key words
Hypoglycemia • Lipid peroxidation • TBARs • Cerebrolysin

Reprint requests
J. Patočková M.D., Department of Pharmacology, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ruská 87, 100 00 Prague 10, Czech Republic. e-mail:

© 2003 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences