Physiol. Res.  52: 767-771, 2003

Vegetable Oils Used as Vitamin E Vehicle Affect the Electrical Activity of the Rat Heart


Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey

Received December 10, 2001
Accepted August 29, 2002

The aim of this study is to define the possible effects of vegetable oils used as vitamin E vehicle on the electrical activity of the rat heart. To test the possible effects of vitamin E vehicles we studied the effect of i.p. injected corn oil, hazelnut oil or peanut oil on the action potential parameters recorded in both papillary and left atrial muscle strips. Four experimental groups were used. The control group was injected (i.p.) with distilled water, while the three remaining groups received injections of corn oil, hazelnut oil, or peanut oil for five weeks (in a dose of 0.4 ml/kg/day minimum amount of oil in which vitamin E could be dissolved). We used borosilicated (15-20 M) capillary electrodes and intracellular action potentials (AP) were recorded in isolated papillary and left atrium muscle strips. While administration of three different types of vegetable oil had no significant effect on AP parameters of papillary muscle, they significantly prolonged the repolarization phase of AP in atrial strips. These results show that vegetable oils used as vitamin E vehicles may alter the electrical activity of the heart in a tissue-dependent manner. The present data indicate that the possible effect of vegetable oil vehicles should be kept in mind while evaluating the possible effects of in vivo vitamin E administration.

Key words
Action potential Vitamin E Corn oil Peanut oil Hazelnut oil Papillary muscle Atrial muscle Repolarization

2003 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences