Physiol. Res. 53: 533-540, 2004

The Protective Effect of Aminoguanidine on Cerebral Ischemic Damage in the Rat Brain


Department of Neurochemistry, Institute of Neurobiology, Slovak Academy of Science, Košice. Slovak Republic

Received April 8, 2003
Accepted November 15, 2003

The NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemical technique is commonly used to localize the nitric oxide (NO) produced by the enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in neural tissue. The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is induced in the late stage of cerebral ischemia, and NO produced by iNOS contributes to the delay in recovery from brain neuronal damage. The present study was performed to investigate whether the increase in nitric oxide production via inducible nitric oxide synthase was suppressed by the administration of aminoguanidine, a selective iNOS inhibitor, as it follows a decrease of NADPH-diaphorase activity (a marker for NOS) after four-vessel occlusion used as an ischemic model. The administration of aminoguanidine (100 mg/kg i.p., twice per day up to 3 days immediately after the ischemic insult) reduced the number of NADPH-diaphorase positive cells to control levels. Our results indicated that aminoguanidine suppressed NADPH-diaphorase activity, and also decreased the number of NADPH-diaphorase positive cells in the CA1 region of the hippocampus following ischemic brain injury.

Key words
Cerebral ischemia • Hippocampus • NADPH-diaphorase • Nitric oxide synthase • Aminoguanidine

© 2004 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences