Physiol. Res. 53: 683-691, 2004

The Effect of New Lipophilic Chelators on the Activities of Cytosolic Reductases and P450 Cytochromes Involved in the Metabolism of Anthracycline Antibiotics: Studies in Vitro


Department of Biochemical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Charles University and
1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Hradec Králové,
Czech Republic

Received August 4, 2003
Accepted January 22, 2004

A major obstacle to the therapeutic use of anthracyclines, highly effective anticancer agents, is the fact that their administration results in dose-dependent cardiomyopathy. According to the currently accepted hypothesis, anthracyclines injure the heart by generating oxygen free radicals. The ability of pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (PIH) and salicylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone (SIH) – new iron chelators – to protect against peroxidation as well as their suitable biological, physical and chemical properties make the compounds promising candidates for pre-clinical and clinical studies. Activities of carbonyl reductase CR (, dihydrodiol dehydrogenase DD2 (, aldehyde reductase ALR1 ( and P450 isoenzymes (CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B, CYP3A) involved in the metabolism of daunorubicin, doxorubicin and other drugs or xenobiotics were studied. Various concentrations of the chelators were used either alone or together with daunorubicin or doxorubicin for in vitro studies in isolated hepatocytes. A significant decrease of activity was observed for all enzymes only at PIH and SIH concentrations higher than those presumed to be used for therapy. The results show that PIH and SIH have no effect on the activities of the enzymes studied in vitro and allow us to believe that they will not interfere with the metabolism of co-administered drugs and other xenobiotics. Daunorubicin (Da) and doxorubicin (Dx) significantly reduce cytochrome P450 activity, but the addition of SIH and PIH chelators (50 μM) reverses the reduction and restores the activity to 70-90 % of the activity of relevant controls.

Key words
Oxidative stress • P450 • Cytosolic reductases • Iron chelators • Pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone

© 2004 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences