Physiol. Res. 55: 569-575, 2006

Hydrogen Peroxide Metabolism in Alveolar Macrophages after Exposure to Hypoxia and Heat


Department of Biochemistry, Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus

Received date September 19, 2005
Accepted date December 8, 2005
On-line available December 12, 2005

High temperature can change the effects of intra- and intercellular regulators and therefore modify the cellular response to hypoxia. We investigated H2O2 production by alveolar macrophages, isolated from adult male rats, which were incubated under conditions of oxygen deficiency and high temperature (experiment in vitro). The incubation of these cells for 2 hours at 10 % or 5 % oxygen led only to slight fluctuations in the H2O2 level, while the rise of temperature from 37C up to 42C significantly increased its generation. Level of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) underwent similar changes. Under these conditions the accumulation of H2O2 was found to be caused mainly by its decreased cleavage rather than its enhanced production. This is indicated by decreased catalase and glutathione peroxidase activity together with a parallel absence of significant changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Slight fluctuation of reduced glutathione level and the pronounced increase of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity were detected. Strong (5 %) but not moderate (10 %) lack of oxygen led to a sharp increase in formation of cellular nitrite ions by alveolar macrophages. In general, our data showed that high temperature did not lead to any qualitative shifts of defined hypoxia-derived changes in oxidant/antioxidant balance in alveolar macrophages, but promoted sensitivity of cells to oxygen shortage.

Key words
Alveolar macrophages Hypoxia Hyperthermia Hydrogen peroxide Free radicals

2006 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences