Physiol. Res. 48: 51-58, 1999

Changes of Insulin Binding in Rat Tissues After Exposure to Stress


Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Received July 7, 1998
Accepted September 15, 1998

The effects of various stressors on insulin receptors in adipose, liver and skeletal muscle tissues were studied in rats exposed to acute or repeated stress. Adult male rats were exposed to immobilization (IMO) for 2.5 hours daily for 1, 7 and 42 days, or to hypokinesia (HK) for 1, 7 and 21 days. We determined the values of specific insulin binding (SIB) and insulin receptor binding capacity (IR) of plasma cell membranes from adipose, liver and muscle tissue (IMO groups), or insulin binding to isolated adipocytes and hepatocytes (HK groups). A significant decrease of SIB and IR was observed in rats exposed to acute stress (1x IMO) in muscle, adipose and liver tissues. However, in animals exposed to repeated stress (7x and 42x IMO), SIB and IR were diminished in the muscle tissue, whereas no significant changes were noted in the liver and adipose tissue. When tissue samples were collected 3-24 hours after exposure to IMO stress, no changes of SIB and IR were found in liver and adipose tissue, but insulin binding was lowered in skeletal muscles. In animals exposed to HK for one day, a decrease of SIB and IR was found in isolated adipocytes, but no changes in insulin binding were noted in the liver tissue. In rats exposed to HK for 7 and 21 days, values of IR were similar as in control group. Our results indicate a) the different changes of IR in the liver, fat and muscle tissues after exposure to stress situations, b) a long-term decrease of insulin binding in muscles of rats exposed to repeated IMO stress, and c) the return of reduced SIB and IR (induced by acute stress) to control values in the liver and adipose tissue after a short recovery period.

Key words
Stress – Insulin binding – Muscle – Liver – Adipocytes

© 1999 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences