Physiol. Res. 48: 65-72, 1999

Effects of Histamine H1 Antagonist Dithiaden on Acetic Acid-Induced Colitis in Rats


Institute of Experimental Pharmacology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Received June 24, 1998
Accepted October 4, 1998

To assess the possible involvement of mast cells and/or their mediators in inflammatory bowel diseases, the effect of the histamine H1 antagonist Dithiaden was studied on a model of acetic acid-induced colitis in rats. Dithiaden pretreatment by intracolonic administration was found to reduce the extent of acute inflammatory colonic injury. This was manifested by a decrease in the score of gross mucosal injury, by lowered colonic wet weight and by diminished myeloperoxidase activity reflecting reduced leukocyte infiltration. Vascular permeability and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity, elevated by acetic acid exposure, were decreased after Dithiaden pretreatment. The results indicate that locally administered Dithiaden may protect the colonic mucosa against an acute inflammatory attack by interfering with the action of the major mast cell mediator histamine.

Key words
Dithiaden – Acetic acid-induced colitis – Histamine – Mast cells – Rats

© 1999 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences