Physiol. Res. 53: 549-556, 2004

Effects of Stable Adenosine Receptor Agonists on Bone Marrow Hematopoietic Cells as Inferred from the Cytotoxic Action of 5-Fluorouracil


Institute of Biophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, and 1Medical Faculty, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Received August 26, 2003
Accepted October 25, 2003

The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of stable adenosine receptor agonists on bone marrow hematopoiesis by utilizing the model of hematopoietic damage induced by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a cycle-specific cytotoxic agent. Effects of a non-selective agonist NECA activating all the known adenosine receptors (A1, A2A, A2B, A3) and of the selective agonists for A1 (CPA), A2A (CGS 21680), and A3 (IB-MECA) adenosine receptors were investigated. Experiments were performed with B10CBAF1 mice under in vivo conditions. Adenosine receptor agonists were given in single injections before 5-FU administration and the effects were determined 4 days later. The numbers of femoral marrow nucleated cells and hematopoietic progenitor cells (CFC-GM and BFU-E) were taken as indices of the effects. The non-selective agonist NECA given at a dose of 200 nmol/kg induced biphasic time-dependent effects, i.e. protection and sensitization, when given 10 h and 22 h before 5-FU administration, respectively. The use of isomolar doses of selective receptor agonists indicated that the protective effects of NECA were induced by activation of A2A and A2B receptors, while the sensitizing action of NECA was mediated via A3 receptors. In addition, it was observed that A1 receptors induced protection when activated by administration of CPA 22 h before 5-FU. These findings are discussed with respect to the action of adenosine receptor agonists on the cell cycle state and on the cell cycle-independent cellular protective mechanisms.

Key words
Adenosine receptor agonists • Hematopoiesis • 5-Fluorouracil

© 2004 by the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences